Almost everyone has experienced stress. Stress is normal and is good for you in certain situations. When you are stressed, for example because work is pilling up or because you are planning on a wedding, you will be increasingly triggered to focus on problems and try improving your performance at work. However, you need to be careful because if you have gone through stress, you may suffer from depression. Even in some cases, depression can occur without stress. So, what is the difference between stress and depression?
People are often confused stress and depression as interchangeable terms. The fact is, these two things have fundamental differences. How stress and depression work are not the same, so the response will also be different. If not handled properly, depression can endanger one’s mental health, physical, even their life. So, it’s important for you to recognize the difference between stress and depression so you can take care of yourself properly before it’s too late.
What is the difference?
Stress usually starts from feeling overwhelmed due to the amount of pressure from outside and inside someone who has lasted for a long time. Stress can encourage you to be more eager to face challenges, but it can also break your spirits. This is because everyone has different mechanisms for dealing with stress.
When you are stressed, your body reads an attack or threat. As a mechanism of self-protection, the body will produce various hormones and chemicals such as adrenaline, cortisol, and norepinephrine. As a result, you will feel an energy boost and increased concentration so that you can respond effectively to sources of pressure. The body will also automatically turn off bodily functions that are not needed, such as digestion.
However, if stress arises at times that are not desirable, blood will flow to parts of the body that are useful for responding physically like the feet and hands so that brain function decreases. This is why many people find it difficult to think clearly when under stress.
In contrast to stress, depression is a mental illness that adversely affects mood, feelings, stamina, appetite, sleep patterns, and the level of concentration of sufferers. Depression is not a sign of unhappiness or character defects.
Depression is not a natural condition such as stress or panic. People who suffer from depression will usually feel lost enthusiasm or motivation, constantly feeling sad and fail, and easily tired. This condition can last for six months or more. So, people who suffer from depression usually find it difficult to go about their daily activities such as working, eating, socializing, studying, or driving normally.
Anyone can get depressed, especially if there is a history of depression in your immediate family. Research also shows that women are more at risk of developing depression than men.
Symptoms of stress
Stress can happen to anyone, including school-age children. Look at the following symptoms of depression to find out if you are experiencing stress or depression.
– Hard to sleep
– Memory loss
– Concentration disorders
– Changes in diet
– Easily to get angry and offended
– Feeling nervous more often
– Feeling overwhelmed by tasks at school or the office
– Feeling afraid of not being able to complete tasks well
Symptoms of depression
Signs of depression are far more complicated than stress symptoms. Its appearance can be gradual so it is difficult to really realize when depression first strikes. The following are various depressive symptoms that usually occur.
– Withdraw from the social and family environment
– Feeling sad as if there is no hope anymore
– Loss of enthusiasm, motivation, energy, and stamina
– Difficult to make a decision
– Eat less or more than usual
– Sleep longer or longer than usual
– Difficult to concentrate
– Difficult to remember things
– Feeling guilty, failed, and alone
– Having continuous negative thoughts
– Easily disappointed, angry, and offended
– Difficult to undergo daily activities
– Lost interest in things that are usually you enjoyed
– Having the thought of suicide
How to deal with depression
If you find that you are depressed, you must take action immediately. Depression is a disease that can be cured if the treatment is right. However, depression cannot be cured by you alone. You need help from others. Try to have a counseling session with a psychologist or psychiatrist. You may also be referred to various therapies such as Behavioral Cognitive Therapy (CBT) and psychotherapy.
What is the solution?
When you are stressed, you can divert that stress by looking for entertainment, picnics, maintaining a sense of humor, socializing, sports, or trying to meditate, tai chi, and other activities that are interesting and fun for you.
If that doesn’t relieve stress, you can also talk to the doctor about how you feel and think because maybe it’s depression, not stress.
Stress can pass when we have less burden on our mind. Relaxing massage with aromatherapy and listening to soothing music can help reduce your burden when stress suppresses.
Continuous feelings of sadness in people with depression cannot simply be cured with holidays or entertainment due to brain changes that make a person lose interest in many things.
To help you deal with depression or sink yourself into protracted sadness, treatment with antidepressants and sedatives can be the solution. Sleeping pills may also be offered for those of you who have insomnia or difficulty falling asleep. Remember that being depressed isn’t your fault, but you can fight it. Tell your situation honestly to the people closest to you so they can support and help you recover faster.
What are the dangers if depression is not treated?
Do not underestimate or let depression just like that because the impact is very dangerous. Various studies have found a very close relationship between depression with liver disease and heart failure. In addition, research also shows that people suffering from depression are 58% more likely to develop obesity due to drastic dietary changes and lack of exercise. If not treated seriously, depression at a young age can reduce the ability of the brain and increase the risk of Alzheimer’s and stroke.
In some cases, those who have been severely depressed tend to try to end their lives with suicide. So, it’s about time you take stress and depression seriously. Recognize the difference and deal immediately with stress and depression before it’s too late.
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Thank you for reading today’s topic: What is the difference between stress and depression? – Know the symptoms