In the war against COVID-19, it is good to maintain our health and cleanliness. In addition, the thing that is also important is to boost our immunity system. Our immune system has an important role in maintaining our health.
One of the signs of a weak immune system is that the body is susceptible to various diseases. Our immune system is a shield to protect our body from various viruses and diseases. Therefore, implement a healthy lifestyle by eating nutritious foods and exercising diligently.
In addition to symptoms of fatigue and susceptibility to pain, there are various signs of decreased immunity that you need to recognize as well as how to improve it. Check out the complete information below.
A healthy immune system works against harmful substances in the body so that we are not susceptible to disease. In some chronic cases such as autoimmune and immunodeficiency, the body’s immune system does not function properly, making it vulnerable to illness.
The body’s immune system consists of cells, tissues, proteins, and organs. Some major components of the immune system: white blood cells (leukocytes), antibodies (immunoglobulin or Ig), the complement system, lymphatic system, thymus, and spinal cord.
The functions of the immune system for our health:
The functions of our immunity system for our health are:
⦁ Fight germs (pathogens) that carry diseases such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi, and remove them from our bodies.
⦁ Recognize and neutralize harmful substances in the environment around us.
⦁ Fighting diseases that can change our whole body such as cancer cells.
⦁ Repair damaged body tissue.
Signs of a weak immune system
About 80 diseases can be caused by immune system problems that can cause inflammation. So, it is important to recognize the characteristics of the immune system that is being weakened.
Here are some signs of a weakened immune system that you can recognize:
1. Easy fatigue
Feeling very tired as experienced when you have a cold? This could mean that something is happening with your immune system. Just resting or sleeping, sleep doesn’t really help.
Besides feeling tired, this sign of weak body endurance is accompanied by aching joints or muscles. There may even be many other reasons why the body feels fatigued.
2. Mild fever
If your fever or body temperature is higher than normal, chances are your immune system starts working too hard. This can happen maybe because the body will develop an infection or because the body starts experiencing flares, the appearance of severe symptoms from an autoimmune condition.
3. Cold hands
Early signs of a weak immune system appear in some members of the body feeling warm due to inflamed blood vessels, such as fingers, toes, ears, and nose.
The skin in these areas can turn pale, then turn blue, and feel cold. After the blood flow returns to normal, the skin will look red.
Health experts call this the “Raynaud phenomenon.” Immune system problems that cause certain parts of the body to cool and stiff under certain conditions.
4. Tingling or Numbness in Hands and Feet
In some cases, numbness can indicate your body attacks nerves that send signals to muscles. For example, people who have Guillain-Barre syndrome may experience numbness that starts in their legs and then spreads to the arms and chest.
Guillain-Barre syndrome is a disorder that rarely occurs when the immune system attacks the nerves. The first symptoms usually experience weakness and tingling in some parts of the body
The skin is the body’s first stronghold to fight germs. Skin conditions can reflect how well the immune system performs its function in preventing the threat of various diseases.
Itchy, dry, red skin is a sign of weak body resistance. Likewise, the rash is painful or does not go away.
Not only is it caused by late eating or migraines, in some cases, but headaches can also be associated with a weakened immune system.
For example, it could be vasculitis, which is an inflammation of blood vessels caused by infection or autoimmune disease.
7. Hair Loss
Immune system problems sometimes attack the hair follicles which cause it to fall out in several parts of the body.
If you experience hair loss on the scalp, face, or other parts of the body that appear to be overlapping bald or bald, you may experience a condition called alopecia areata.
Alopecia areata is a condition that occurs due to the immune system attacking hair follicles. This can be caused by stress or heavy pressure.
8. Dry Eyes
If you have an autoimmune disorder, that means the immune system is attacking the body. Examples are rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. Dry eyes are a sign of a weak immune system.
Most people who have autoimmune disorders experience dry eyes. In addition, you may feel like there is sand or something in your eyes, or maybe even your eyes feel pain, redness, discharge, or blurred vision.
9. Digestive Problems
Diarrhea that lasts more than two to four weeks can be a sign of a weak body that damages the lining of the small intestine or digestive tract.
Constipation or constipation is also a sign of immune system problems. If you have difficulty defecating, straining hard, or dry stool. these symptoms occur because the immune system forces the intestinal function to slow down. Other possible causes include bacteria, viruses, and other health conditions.
10. Sensitive to the Sun
People with autoimmune disorders sometimes have allergic reactions to the sun or ultraviolet (UV) rays called photodermatitis.
Symptoms may cause blisters, rashes, or scaly spots after being in the sun. Other symptoms include cold, headaches, or nausea.
Signs of weak immunity are then felt in the joints in several parts of the body.
When the lining inside the joint is inflamed, the area around it will feel soft to the touch or may feel stiff and swollen, and this can occur in several joints.
Joint inflammation is likely to get worse in the morning.
How to improve a weak immune system
People who have a weak immune system must live a healthy lifestyle to avoid infection.
Here are some ways to rebuild the decreased body power:
1. Maintain good hygiene
The way to easily increase a weak immune system is to maintain good hygiene, including frequent hand washing.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend washing hands at the following times:
⦁ Before, during, and after preparing food
⦁ After sneezing or coughing
⦁ Before and after treating wounds
⦁ After making contact with a sick person
⦁ After using or helping a child use the bathroom
⦁ After changing diapers
⦁ After touching animals (pets), animal food, or waste
⦁ After touching the trash
The benefits of washing hands properly can significantly reduce diseases such as diarrhea and prevent transmission by up to 58 percent in people who have a weak immune system.
Washing hands with soap and water can also help protect children and reduce the number of deaths from pneumonia and diarrheal disease in people under 5 years.
2. Avoid people who are sick
People with weakened immune systems must avoid close contact with anyone suffering from colds or other infections.
Viruses and other infectious diseases can be transmitted from person to person through close contact. The virus can also spread through fluids released by coughing or sneezing.
Staying at home and working from home is highly advised in order to reduce the risk of getting infected by coronavirus (COVID-19).
3. Eat healthy foods
Eating a healthy and balanced diet can improve overall body health.
When the immune system is weak, doctors usually recommend eating vegetables and fruits that can provide a lot of nutrients.
If the body’s immunity is very weak, for example, because it is undergoing cancer treatment, the doctor will recommend taking additional steps to avoid foodborne illness.
Ways to increase weak immunity according to doctor’s advice include:
⦁ Wash all fruits and vegetables before peeling
⦁ Avoid eating undercooked meat, fish, and eggs
⦁ Cool the food immediately
⦁ Choose pasteurized juices and milk products
4. Taking Vitamins
Some vitamins and minerals can help boost the immune system. For example, people who lack vitamin C can have weakened immunity.
Other vitamins and minerals that can improve immune function include Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Iron, Folic acid, Zinc.
5. Manage Stress
Unmanaged stress can weaken the immune system and make the body more vulnerable to various diseases.
People who have a weak immune system must take steps to manage stress. Ways to increase your immune system by reducing and managing stress include yoga, meditation, massage, and spending time with hobbies.
6. Getting enough Sleep
According to the National Sleep Foundation, sleep deprivation has the same impact on the immune system as stress. Lack of sleep can interfere with the production of white blood cells, an important component of the immune system.
According to the CDC, adults must sleep at least 7 hours a day, while infants and children need about 8 and 17 hours of sleep a day.
7. Exercise Regularly
Exercise may be the last thing on your mind when your immune system is weak, but consistent exercise will help rebuild your stamina.
In addition to strengthening the body, exercise causes the body to release endorphins which reduce stress levels.
However, people with weak immune systems must be careful not to push themselves too hard to exercise because it can further weaken the immune system.
If you want to keep exercising, avoid the following:
⦁ Exercise intensity is too high
⦁ Exercise too often
⦁ Exercise too long without stopping to rest
Well, now you know about the signs of weak immunity and how to improve it. If you experience one or more of these signs, immediately apply the tips above. If it is not effective for you, consult a doctor immediately to get the right treatment!
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